# Exercise 13.1.6

What is the largest possible number of internal nodes in a red-black tree with black height $k$? What is the smallest possible number.

As discussed in the previous two exercises, there can be no more red nodes than black nodes.

The smallest possible number will be obtained if all the nodes are black, that is $2^k - 1$.

The largest possible number will be obtained if we have a layer of red nodes, followed by a layer of black nodes, producing a tree of height $2k$, and $2^{2k} - 1$ nodes.